top of page

Cognitive Therapy

Are you having difficulty with organization, memory, attention,

planning, problem-solving, sequencing and/or safety awareness?

Cognitive-Communication disorders are communication problems that are primarily due to cognition, rather than language or speech deficits.

People can experience difficulty in multiple areas, which can make daily activities and communication challenging.


An evaluation by a speech-language pathologist can determine where your difficulties exist & how to treat them.

 Young Woman Contemplating

What causes cognitive-communication impairments?

A cognitive-communication disorder can result from any damage to the brain. This can include having a stroke, a traumatic brain injury (TBI), a brain infection, a brain tumor, or a degenerative disease such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, or another form of dementia.

Cognitive-communication disorders can occur alone or in combination with other conditions, such as dysarthria (slurred speech), apraxia (inability to move the face and tongue muscles correctly to form words), or aphasia (impaired language).

  • Attention (selective concentration)

  • Memory (recall of facts, procedures, and past & future events)

  • Perception (interpretation of sensory information)

  • Insight & judgment (understanding one’s own limitations & what they mean)

  • Organization (arranging ideas in a useful order)

  • Orientation (knowing where, when, & who you are, as well as why you’re there)

  • Language (words for communication)

  • Processing speed (quick thinking & understanding)

  • Problem-solving (finding solutions to obstacles)

  • Reasoning (logically thinking through situations)

  • Executive functioning (making a plan, acting it out, evaluating success, & adjusting)

  • Metacognition (thinking about how you think)

What areas can be impacted?

Old Asian man with glasses thinking

People with cognitive-communication disorders often benefit from assessment and personalized treatment by a speech-language pathologist, since each case is unique. Therapy may include a combination of techniques. The three main goals are to restore function, compensate for deficits, and educate the client and family about the disorder and its treatment.

How Can Speech Therapy Help?

bottom of page